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Fargesia apicirubens 

'White Dragon' 'White Dragon' type specimen at Kew type type
search Google for images
see photos at BambooWeb
'White Dragon'
foliage (Agfachrome colours)
see origin in Google Earth
no account in Flora of China
see listing in ABS Species & Sources List
find UK supplier
See description in Kew's GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
See description in Kew's GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

Red-tipped Fargesia

Fargesia apicirubens Stapleton, Sida 22(1): 331. 2006

 Synonym: Fargesia dracocephala Hort., misapplied name.   

  Missouri Botanical Garden's Tropicos Database of Names  TROPICOS

    International Plant Names Index   IPNI

   Multilingual Multiscript Plant Names Database  MMPND

 Electronic Plant Identification CentreElectronic Plant Identification Centre  KEW

Rhizome neck 4--10 cm long. Culms 2--4 m, 0.3--1 cm in diam., very dense, pendulous; internodes 5--18 cm, cylindrical, smooth, lightly white-powdery initially, becoming glossy dark green with purple spots, often apically purple-red, becoming orange-yellow, wall to 5 mm thick; nodes with weakly prominent supra-nodal ridge, sheath scar level and tall, mid-culm branches 6--8. Culm sheaths slowly deciduous, basally leathery and smooth, light brown with prominent red-brown ribs, apically asymmetrically rounded with a persistent red band below the blade, much shorter than internodes, glabrous, margins densely yellow-brown-setose; auricles absent; oral setae absent; ligule ca. 1 mm, truncate, initially ciliolate; blade oblanceolate, erect or reflexed, glabrous, margins setose. Leaves 3--7 per ultimate branch; sheath thick, glabrous with outer margin densely white-ciliate at first, usually apically red with yellow veins; auricles and oral setae absent; ligule ca. 1 mm, truncate, purple, shortly tomentose, external ligule not evident, tomentose; blade lanceolate to fusiform, 7--10 0.6--1.5 cm, slightly thickened, glabrous, basally cuneate, apically long-acuminate, secondary veins 4--5-paired, one margin shortly spinescent, the other obscurely serrulate, transverse veins distinct, petiole yellow. Inflorescence racemose, unilateral; spikelets shortly pedicellate, usually subtended by densely pubescent reduced sheaths. Shooting June to July. Name from apex, ‘tip’ and rubens, ‘red’ for the distally red-coloured sheaths and internodes.

Introduced from S Shaanxi in 1979, and initially grown under the name Daba Shan No. 2, it flowered in 1988--1990. Lacking in distinctive vegetative characters, but it develops prominent ruby-red tips to leaf sheaths, shoots, and internodes. It has been misidentified as F. dracocephala in the west.

The cultivar ‘White Dragon’ has new leaf blades variously white-striped or completely bleached white in Spring, the variegation turning more yellow-green in summer, and is apparently smaller in stature. It looks best in a shaded location against a dark background. In bright sun the variegated leaves are easily scorched.






see origin in Google Earth From the Daba Shan Ranges that separate S Shaanxi and NE Sichuan, in 1979.

[apicirubens] [denudata] [dracocephala] [murielae] [nitida] [robusta]