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helicon  Common genera: quick recognition by photos

  •  Common genera listed from the most widely cultivated, down to rarer genera

Genus 

 Growth habit

 Branching

 Other

 

 Phyllostachys

 

 

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Spreading with spaced upright culms

2 or 3  branches of different sizes

Flowers with many bracts

 

 Bambusa

 

 

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Clumps may be large

Even branching with 3 main branches

Auricles (ears) may be large

 Pseudosasa

 

 

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Dense upright clumps

1  large or 3 erect branches

Smooth culms

 Fargesia

 

 

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Tight clumps

7 or more similar branches on smooth culms

Small dense inflorescences

 Sasa

 

 

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Spreading and dense

Large single branches

Winter leaf edge death

 Pleioblastus

 

 

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Spreading, often small with striped leaves

Single branches

Persistent sheaths rot on culm

 Semiarundinaria

 

 

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Spreading and in tight clumps, erect

3 or more branches

Very smooth culms

 Indocalamus

 

 

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Large leaves

Long single branches

Thick soft scurf below nodes

 Gigantochloa

 

 

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Large culms, often striped, no low branches

Large central branch, big leaves

First spikelets large

 Himalayacalamus

 

 

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Tight clumps with coloured nodes

Central branch larger

Early branching through the sheath

 Chimonobambusa

 

 

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Spreading with spaced culms

3 similar branches

Nodes swollen or thorny

 Shibataea

 

 

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Small slowly spreading domes

4 similar branches

Single leaves

 Yushania

 

 

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Spreading and dense

Many tight branches

Culms often scabrous below nodes

 Dendrocalamus

 

 

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Dense clumps of large furry culms

Basal dormant central branch, aerial roots

Spherical inflorescences

 Borinda

 

 

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Clumping blue-grey culms

Culms with fine vertical lines

A deciduous species in winter

 Drepanostachyum

 

 

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Dense narrow culms

Culm sheath interior hairy at top

Many small branches, and falcate flowers

[Home] [Introduction] [Background] [Identification] [Cultivated Bamboos] [Common Genera] [Bashania] [Bergbambos] [Borinda] [Chimonobambusa] [Drepanostachyum] [Fargesia] [Hibanobambusa] [Himalayacalamus] [Indocalamus] [Phyllostachys] [Pleioblastus] [Pseudosasa] [Sarocalamus] [Sasa] [Semiarundinaria] [Shibataea] [Thamnocalamus] [Yushania] [Morphology] [Classification] [Nomenclature] [Origins] [Pests] [Author] [Publications]