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14. SAROCALAMUS  

 

Small spreading thornless frost-hardy bamboos, with upright culms up to 3m tall, simple branching, and rhizomes with roots at all nodes. They are found in temperate forest and grazing areas, from 2,900 to 3,600m, often mixed with Yushania or Thamnocalamus species. Similar in appearance to small Yushania species, but with culms which are always smooth and have little or no wax. The rhizomes are rather different. They continue under the ground indefinitely, with roots at all the nodes, producing well separated culms at

 

 

regular intervals. Chimonobambusa callosa has very similar rhizomes, but its culm nodes are raised and may bear thorns, while the nodes of Sarocalamus species are level. Buds are tall, similar to those of Yushania and Borinda, but the branching is simpler, with a single branch leaving the culm, then branching repeatedly in a fans-haped arrangement. The leaves have very prominent cross-veins, unlike those of the two spreading subtropical genera, Melocanna and Pseudostachyum.

[Home] [Key to Genera] [Dendrocalamus] [Bambusa] [Borinda] [Cephalostachyum] [Ampelocalamus] [Thamnocalamus] [Drepanostachyum] [Himalayacalamus] [Chimonobambusa] [Melocanna] [Pseudostachyum] [Neomicrocalamus] [Yushania] [Sarocalamus] [racemosus]