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Journal of the American Bamboo Society     ISSN 0197-3789                       


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The official website of the American Bamboo Society,, and the webpage of the Journal of the American Bamboo Society are currently undergoing reorganisation and maintenance. Meanwhile articles published in the Journal are being made available on other sites.

Current Volume: Volume 29

Mechanical properties of bamboo: a research synthesis of strength values and the factors influencing them

Lorena Sanchez Vivas, Gray Mullins, Jeffrey A. Cunningham and James R. Mihelcic

J. Amer. Bamboo Soc. 29: 1-22   


Abstract: Bamboo is a rapidly renewable resource, used in many countries as a viable building construction material. It is not yet widely used in the U.S. or other western countries however, partly because it is not yet included in building codes or safety standards. To develop these, the mechanical properties of bamboo must be fully understood and documented. Studies have been published by many different researchers, but they have not yet been aggregated or compared. From this literature 43 publications (in English, Portuguese, and Spanish) presenting mechanical properties for bamboos were selected and analyzed. Five mechanical properties were reviewed: shear strength, compressive strength, tensile strength, modulus of rupture (MOR), and modulus of elasticity (MOE). Properties were found to have a wide range, so major variables were investigated: age, bamboo species, density, moisture content, post-harvest treatment, and the testing standards employed. The findings suggest no consistent correlations exist between mechanical property values reported and these variables, although substantial variation was attributable to species, moisture content, and the test standard used, and we present overall average values. We propose that for practical purposes the inherently high variability in mechanical properties of bamboo suggested by this analysis can be accounted for by the use of appropriately high safety factors, but further research is clearly required.

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Volume 28  


Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from bamboo: Exploring patterns of diversity across species

A. N. Melnychenko and T. N. Rosenstiel 1-9


The effect of light intensity and temperature on the chlorophyll fluorescence of Phyllostachys aureosulcata bamboo plants under controlled growth chamber conditions

D. Van Goethem, A. Van Elst, S. De Smedt, R. Valckb, G. Potters, R. Samson 10-22


Bamboo mat making and its contribution to the rural livelihood of women in South Meghalaya, India

M. B. Lynser, B. K. Tiwari, B. Nongbri and E. Kharlyngdoh  23-31


Cytokinin dynamics in cell suspension cultures of Bambusa balcooa Roxburgh using UPLC-ESI/MS/MS

S. Van den Akker, P. Bormans, H. Peeters, E. Prinsen, J. Gielis 32-39


Book Review:  Bamboo – The plant and its uses 

J. Gielis 40


Volume 27


Freezing avoidance in tropical Andean bamboos

Francisca Ely, Sayuri Kiyota and Fermin Rada    1-10


Effect of rainwater harvesting on distribution of water and nutrients in soil influencing growth of Dendrocalamus strictus in degraded hills in Rajasthan, India

G. Singh      11-26


Influence of environmental conditions on the DBH of Guadua angustifolia Kunth (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) in the Colombian coffee region.

Victoria Eugenia González C., Gerardo Fonthal y Hernando Ariza-Calderón    27-35


Assessing the effectiveness of Neem seed oil-treatment for split-bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) against Pycnoporus sanguineus based on tensile strength properties

Erakhrumen, A. A.    32-44



Volume 26      


Canebrake fauna revisited: additional records of species diversity in a critically endangered ecosystem

Steven G. Platt, Thomas R. Rainwater, Ruth M. Elsey, & Christopher G. Brantley    1-12


Bergbambos and Oldeania, new genera of African bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae)

Chris M. A. Stapleton    13-26


Scientific investigation of traditional water leaching method for bamboo preservation

Perminderjit Kaur, Vikas Kardam, K.K. Pant, S. Satya, & S.N. Naik    27-32


Adaptive strategies of Reed Bamboos, Ochlandra spp., to the Western Ghat Habitats of India

B. Gopakumar & Bhavna Motwani    33-40


Flowering occurrences of Bambusa cacharensis in Barak Valley, Assam, India since its type collection: a note

Moonmee Devi & Debjyoti Bhattacharyya    41-44




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